Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors also known as SSRIs are a class of anti-depressant drugs that are used in the treatment of anxiety as well as major depressive disorders. As per a dental clinic in Ahmedabad, they are the most widely prescribed drugs for curing depression in a majority of countries around the world. Even though they are the most prescribed drugs their efficacy is outweighed by their side effects especially in the case of dental implants.
What Do the Stats Say?
According to the statistics, around 50% of the patient’s consume2 or more than 2 drugs, which ultimately lead to dry mouth? This condition, if untreated, can lead to gum disease, tooth decay, bad breath, and a lot other problem.
In other cases, around 2/3rd of the patients consuming tricyclic and other anti-depressants, which can have dangerous impact on the patients when operated by anesthesia drugs for making the gum numb.Patients, which have low blood pressure, can react more critically, and may get dizzy and fall after prolonged dental work. Dentists need to take special care
How Do SSRIs Lead to Dental Implant Failure?
Studies conducted by the McGill University and NIH have supported the notion that SSRIs inflict negative effects on the bones, especially in the density of the bone mineral as well as the fracture. An article done by the Journal of Dental Research stated that they increase the risk of osseointegraeted implant failure. Since the bone metabolism influences the osseointegration, the study aimed to examine the relationship between the risk of dental implant failure and SSRIs.
After a follow-up of 3 to 67 months, as compared to the non-SSRIs users, the patients who were using SSRIs had a failure rate of 10.6%. In addition to this, implants having small diameter and addicted to smoking also had an increased risk of implant failure.
Shreyas Hospital, a dental clinic in Naranpura have suggested that the usage of SSRI may also lead to failure in bone healing after the surgical procedures. According to the dentists, more cautious surgical treatments should be planned for SSRIs users and this is what they do at Shreyas Dental Clinic.